The Marine Conservation Institute’s overarching goal is to help the world create a worldwide system of strongly protected areas – the Global Ocean Refuge System (GLORES) – a way to ensure future diversity and abundance of marine life. As part of that effort, they have developed the MPAtlas (www.mpatlas.org) with a comprehensive online database and mapping tool of existing and planned marine protected areas (MPAs). The organization has worked on U.S. laws affecting IUU fishing or pirate fishing since this illegal activity often targets MPAs, results in degradation of marine environments around the world and food insecurity for those who depend on sustainable fisheries.
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The Ocean Data Alliance will seek to design and build an open-source integration platform for all ocean data and to ensure that it is geared from the outset to serve the global public interest. The key will be to encourage collaboration among all the key sensor enterprises to catalyse the process of integrating their data from a range of sources. With a design concept for the integration exchange or platform, app designers and large data processors such as IBM Watson can then engage in public-private design labs to work with various oceans and fisheries stakeholders from across industry, research, and government to find out exactly how best they may want to use the data streams on offer. For example, the design process would identify which data feeds are of most use, who the identified end users are, which behaviours need to be focused on to change as a result, and what the targeted access rights should be for a particular innovation (globally open access versus closed for a particular enterprises value chain). Those who have developed technology initiatives already in the oceans agenda would benefit greatly from this data integration initiative and also make the most of their first-mover advantage. The Ocean Data Alliance is exploring pilot projects to use ship tracking, satellite images, and other technologies to track IUU fishing, blockchain to trace seafood from catch to table, and new generations of buoys and drones to monitor water acidity, salinity, temperature, and currents.
Ocean Outcomes is a science-based sustainable seafood consultancy working hand in hand with commercial fisheries to help them become more sustainable. Ocean Outcomes’ work addresses a range of major fishery challenges contributing to the global fisheries crisis, such as IUU, overfishing, depletion of non-target stocks, habitat impacts, and management system issues.
As a traceability solution to support FIPs and third party certification in Russia, Ocean Outcomes piloted a Catch Tracking System (CTS), implementing best practices in self-reporting and verification of the paper trail to close loopholes in the “first mile,” from producers to processors. By following the CTS protocol, companies capture and upload information to assure customers that they are receiving product traceable back to the source fishery.
Additionally, Ocean Outcomes launched Japan’s first FIP traceability pilot as a part of the Tokyo Bay Sea Perch FIP.
Oceana’s Seafood Fraud Campaign works to stop seafood fraud and ensure that all seafood sold in the U.S. is safe, legally caught, and honestly labeled. To help stop seafood fraud and illegal fishing, Oceana is working to change U.S. policies to require more transparency and traceability in seafood supply chains, including requiring catch documentation for all seafood, end to end traceability, and more information provided to seafood consumers at the final point of sale.
Oceana, in partnership with SkyTruth and Google, helped develop Global Fishing Watch – an interactive technology platform that will enable anyone with an Internet connection to see commercial fishing activity anywhere in the world’s oceans in near real-time.
OceanMind is a not-for-profit organisation that empowers enforcement and compliance to protect the world’s fisheries. They provide insights and intelligence into fishing compliance to those who can most effectively use it. They support government authorities and seafood buyers by providing expertise and knowledge paired with advanced technologies to enable responsible sourcing and effective enforcement.
OceanMind began in 2014 as “Project Eyes on the Seas”, a collaboration between the Satellite Applications Catapult and Pew Charitable Trusts. Initially a collaboration to develop technology fusing satellite data and artificial intelligence to detect illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, it soon developed into a suite of services to help governments and the seafood supply chain to understand the compliance of fishing activities.
In July 2018, OceanMind launched as a new independent non-for-profit organisation with the mission to empower enforcement and compliance in the world’s fisheries. Working with partners such as the UK Government, the Royal Thai Government, the Seafood Task Force, the Pew Charitable Trusts, Conservation International, and Humanity United, OceanMind is supporting enforcement and MCS professionals globally, as well as helping seafood buyers build more responsible supply chains.
Oceans 5 is a global funders collaborative, comprised of new and experienced philanthropists, committed to protecting the five oceans of the planet. The group collectively focuses its investments and support on large-scale, opportunistic projects and campaigns aimed at significantly expanding marine reserves and constraining overfishing. It supports several projects to control illegal fishing and improve seafood traceability in the United States, Europe, and Central America.
The Pew Charitable Trusts, in partnership with Satellite Applications Catapult, developed Oversea Ocean Monitor, a technology application formally known as Project Eyes on the Seas. Designed to improve ocean sustainability through actionable insight of global fishing activities, the platform is used by OceanMind, a non-profit organization that grew out of Pew and Catapult’s partnership, to assist their fisheries analysts with monitoring vessel activity at sea. The application brings together multiple data sources, including satellite data, specialist fishing vessel databases and oceanographic data, and alerts analysts to anomalous or suspicious activity. The analysis provides independent verification and validation of at-sea activities, and provides information to interested governments and industry players that desire a greater understanding of fishing activities occurring in their waters or throughout their supply chains.
PescaDOLUS is a platform for bringing together leading international experts from different disciplinary backgrounds to exchange ideas, identify research questions and seek innovative inter-disciplinary solutions to fisheries crime. PescaDOLUS approaches ‘illegal fishing’ as a form of transnational criminal activity, and investigates the policing, legal and policy implications of using transnational criminal law and procedure to strengthen fisheries law enforcement. PescaDOLUS promotes fisheries crime research at relevant national, regional, and international fora towards informing law and policy reform in this sphere. These objectives are pursued with a particular emphasis on meeting the needs of developing nations and promoting north-south collaboration.
Implement the Recommendation 3 Working Group’s Implementation Plan to Enhance IUU Fishing Threat Analysis and Monitoring, including by providing a baseline suite of exportable technologies that could be offered to international partners that lack a robust technological base / infrastructure.
Continue conducting regional maritime exercises in the Gulf of Guinea, which include scenarios that include combating IUU Fishing.
For information on what philanthropic, government, and international agencies are funding initiatives around the world to better seafood traceability and counter-IUU fishing practices, please use the Funding the Ocean map.