Fishcoin is a utility token that creates an incentive for data capture in various forms beginning with key data elements captured and communicated by fishermen and fish farmers for the purpose of traceability. Fishermen in developing nations send a restaurant or grocery store information on the seafood they caught. This triggers a smart contract that transfers a certain number of Fishcoins into those fisher’s crypto wallets. The fishers can then use those Fishcoins to pay bills or buy cell phone minutes. With an underlying blockchain that records all this information, Fishcoin looks to provide the incentive to make it happen. By addressing the critical incentive problem, Fishcoin is creating an ecosystem for rewarding fishermen and supply chain intermediaries through micro-transactions, creating a virtuous cycle for sustainable practices that extends beyond government mandates for traceability.
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The Fisheries Language for Universal Exchange (FLUX) provides a harmonized message standard that allows Fishery Management Organizations to automatically access the electronic data from fishing vessels, such as vessel and trip identification, fishing operations (daily catch or haul-by-haul) or fishing data (catch area, species and quantity, date and time, and gear used). With this standard, Fisheries Management Organizations around the world have a communication tool to automate the collection and dissemination of the fishery catch data needed for sustainable fishery management and for detecting and combating illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. In addition, the development of a reliable and up-to-date database on fish catch will improve research on science-based fishery management. Governments, regional and international organizations, RFMOs, fishermen, fishery industry groups, research institutions, and control and enforcement authorities can all use FLUX.
FiTI is a global multi-stakeholder initiative. Its purpose is to increase transparency and participation by national authorities in fisheries governance for the benefit of a more sustainable management of marine fisheries. The FitI:
1) Strives to reveal data that has otherwise been obscured from public scrutiny;
2) Attempts to verify if information in the public domain is reliable and complete;
3) Is designed to reveal where public authorities do not collate information, and requires the national multi-stakeholder group to come to an agreement on how these gaps in knowledge will be addressed.
The initiative does not focus on a single country or region, but rather seeks to establish a global level playing field among fisheries countries. FiTI is not owned or operated by one organization, and is instead represented by the diversity of stakeholders. It is implemented in countries through National Multi-Stakeholder Groups, consisting of representatives from government, business, and organized civil society.
The core of the initiative is the FiTI Standard, an agreement on what information on fisheries should be published by public authorities. It’s comprised of 12 transparency requirements and is applicable to all countries.
FishPath is an approach used to set fisheries on the path to sustainability. Its main element is a stakeholder engagement process guided by the online FishPath decision-support tool. It includes workshops, training, and resources for delivering tailored solutions to the management challenges of fisheries aross the globe.
FishTrace is a traceability solution for primary fish processing plants, created by Traceall. It aims to capture all elements involved in the processing plants’ production planning process. It has a web-based monitoring system to track and analyse key metrics such as purchase activity and maintenance status. It supports product safety management, traceability, and brand protection.
FishWise employs a full-time Traceability and Counter-IUU Fishing team dedicated to providing personalized traceability and risk identification services to seafood companies. There are three main areas of work central to FishWise’s traceability and counter-IUU fishing services. One focuses on leveraging diverse stakeholder groups in a variety of collaborations and alliances to drive change in seafood sustainability. A second centers on direct engagement with companies to set ambitious sustainability and traceability goals that are implemented through due diligence plans. The third involves producing in-depth resources that help guide the industry through traceability best practices.
FishWise leads the Seafood Alliance for Legality and Traceability (SALT), a global alliance for knowledge exchange and action to promote legal and sustainable fisheries through improved transparency in seafood supply chains. SALT brings together the seafood industry, governments and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to accelerate learning and support collaboration on innovative solutions for legal and sustainable seafood, with a particular focus on traceability.
The Global Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) standards require verifiable systems for traceability that fully account for all inputs, production, and outputs at each step in the production chain. Systems can be online, paper, electronic, or a combination and are verified during on site audits. Mass balance and mock recall tests are required both by the facility and during the audit. Audits are conducted annually by Independent ISO 17065 Accredited Certification Bodies. Each audit includes full traceability systems tests and traceback exercises. Traceability verification tests are also conducted in the marketplace through identifying product in stores and performing tracebacks on a routine basis. Rules regarding proper traceability and use of the BAP Certification Mark are also established as part of the BAP Certification Mark Agreement.
The Global Dialogue on Seafood Traceability is an international, business-to-business platform established to advance a unified framework for interoperable seafood traceability practices. The Dialogue brings together a broad spectrum of seafood industry stakeholders from across different parts of the supply chain, as well as relevant civil society experts from diverse regions.
With three technical working groups, the pre-competitive Dialogue aims to produce an aligned global framework for seafood traceability based on four pillars:
1) internationally agreed key data elements (KDEs) to be routinely associated with seafood products;
2) technical specifications for interoperable traceability systems, along with standard legal and business formats facilitating business-to-business information exchange;
3) internationally agreed benchmarks for verifying data validity; and
4) harmonisation of business-smart national regulations to help reduce compliance burdens.
Global Fishing Watch, a partnership between SkyTruth, Oceana, and Google, is an interactive technology platform that will enable anyone with an Internet connection to see commercial fishing activity anywhere in the world’s oceans in near real-time. It will empower stakeholders by providing transparency, which in turn, will drive the research, advocacy, policy-making, monitoring and enforcement needed for the effective management of our fisheries and oceans. Global Fishing Watch can also serve as a key tool in seafood traceability, validating catch documentation and offering a simple and inexpensive way for fishermen to demonstrate they are fishing responsibly.
For information on what philanthropic, government, and international agencies are funding initiatives around the world to better seafood traceability and counter-IUU fishing practices, please use the Funding the Ocean map.