The ABALOBI ICT4Fisheries Traceability Technology has been co-designed with small-scale fishers to ensure that it is relevant to their context. The traceability technology is implemented through an integrated system of customised mobile applications and online platforms which can effectively track seafood from landing site to the final consumer. It incorporates crosschecking and validation of data points across the ABALOBI Fisher App, ABALOBI Marketplace App, ABALOBI Monitor App, and ABALOBI Admin Panel online platform. The key to the success of this integrated technology is that all stakeholders along a small-scale fisheries value chain can readily track seafood moving through the traceability system. In addition, the ABALOBI ICT4Fisheries Traceability Technology enables a consumer facing QR Code to be generated that captures the unique story behind each seafood species in real time. This provides visibility for small-scale fishers and helps them differentiate their seafood products.
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Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) Key Data Elements (KDE) project: In line with their commitment to continuous improvement, the Programme Assurance team initiated a project aimed at introducing technology to improve digital traceability. This involves using software to capture and convey key data elements from certified farm origin throughout the supply chain. The project aims to enhance supply chain transparency, mitigate risk and provide greater verifiable information to meet industry expectations. The KDE project is being developed with collaboration farms, industry and retailers and the ASC works together with the Global Dialogue on Seafood Traceability (GDST) towards industry alignment and interoperability. The collected data, of which some will flow through the complete supply system, will most likely be species-dependent. These data elements will evolve as the standards, requirements and needs of the supply chain evolve. In 2020, the ASC will evaluate the results of the pilots in relation to wider implementation.
Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) is a third-party aquaculture certification program. The BAP certification covers the four pillars of responsible aquaculture production, including: social accountability, environmental responsibility, food safety, and animal welfare–all verified by robust traceability and chain of custody. BAP is an aquaculture certification that encompasses the entire seafood value chain: farms, processing plants, hatcheries, and feed mills.
Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF) is a UK based registered charity working internationally, addressing issues that link environmental security and human rights, focusing on the global south. EJF’s campaigns include addressing illegal fishing (IUU) and associated human rights abuses, sustainability, and rights issues associated with shrimp production. EJF’s work on fisheries focuses on effective implementation of the European Union IUU Regulation, illegal fishing in the Gulf of Guinea, ending illegal fishing and human rights abuses in the Thai seafood sector, promotion of best practices across the wider Asian region, and an initiative towards greater transparency and traceability in marine fisheries. As part of this project, EJF is calling for a suite of actions: mandatory application of Unique Vessel Identifiers (UVIs) and the development of a Global Record for fishing vessels, the near-term adoption of digital systems in fisheries management, and an end to the exploitation of Flags of Convenience.
FishWise employs a full-time Traceability and Counter-IUU Fishing team dedicated to providing personalized traceability and risk identification services to seafood companies. There are three main areas of work central to FishWise’s traceability and counter-IUU fishing services. One focuses on leveraging diverse stakeholder groups in a variety of collaborations and alliances to drive change in seafood sustainability. A second centers on direct engagement with companies to set ambitious sustainability and traceability goals that are implemented through due diligence plans. The third involves producing in-depth resources that help guide the industry through traceability best practices.
FishWise leads the Seafood Alliance for Legality and Traceability (SALT), a global alliance for knowledge exchange and action to promote legal and sustainable fisheries through improved transparency in seafood supply chains. SALT brings together the seafood industry, governments and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to accelerate learning and support collaboration on innovative solutions for legal and sustainable seafood, with a particular focus on traceability.
On 5 June, 2017, 66 companies, including retailers and other tuna supply chain businesses, signed the Tuna 2020 Traceability Declaration with the aim of stopping illegal tuna getting to market, and promoting improvements in the environmental sustainability and human rights in tuna fisheries. The declaration was convened by the World Economic Forum and supported by six national governments and 21 civil society organizations.
The Commitments of the Tuna 2020 Traceability Declaration are based on the following four pillars:
• Tuna Traceability Commitment
• Commitment to a Socially Responsible Tuna Supply Chain
• Commitment to Environmentally Responsible Tuna Sources
• Government Partnership
To deliver on the World Economic Forum Tuna 2020 Traceability Declaration, retail and other tuna supply chain businesses (referred to as “Global Tuna Alliance”) intend to eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing in global tuna supply chains, and ensure that the tuna ultimately meets the highest standards of environmental performance and social responsibility.
The GLOBALG.A.P. Aquaculture Standard operates under a third-party accredited certification system. To claim certified status at point of sale, all stages of production must be certified: feed, seedlings, farming, and post-harvest activities. GLOBALG.A.P. Aquaculture Certification requires the Integrated Farm Assurance All Farm & Aquaculture Modules, the Chain of Custody Standard, and the Compound Feed Manufacturing Standard. The voluntary Responsible Operations Standard Add-on for feed mills supplying to GLOBALG.A.P. certified farms adds social, environmental, and marine sourcing sustainable criteria to the compulsory food safety requirements and good manufacturing practices.
Greenpeace’s Ocean Campaign focuses on ocean threats including industrial fishing, bycatch, human rights at sea, habitat impacts, and works to improve fishery management. Greenpeace evaluates U.S. retailers on traceability and other sustainability issues through its Carting Away the Oceans reports, and assesses canned tuna brands through its Tuna Shopping Guide. Greenpeace released Sea of Distress, its first evaluation of seafood sustainability among U.S. foodservice management companies and broadline distributors. Greenpeace is working to address transshipment at sea, inadequate observer coverage, insufficient monitoring, and control and surveillance regimes, which the organization has identified as major barriers to traceability efforts. Greenpeace also houses an IUU vessel blacklist on its website, which combines evidence from its own investigations with a compilation of official listings from around the world.
Human Rights at Sea supports international communities with exposing the truth behind human rights abuses at sea through research and case studies, delivering methods to achieve social justice via legal and policy developments. With the implementation of human right provisions, they raise awareness and transparency of illicit human-rights operations at sea. Following 5 of the total 14 Sustainable Development Goal’s, they work to create accountability by participating in international advocacy to prevent inhumane activities and improve enforcement of legislation.
For information on what philanthropic, government, and international agencies are funding initiatives around the world to better seafood traceability and counter-IUU fishing practices, please use the Funding the Ocean map.